Tag Archives: maargazhi

Pongal In Cambodia – 2014!

Pongal – The Harvest Festival of the Tamils was celebrated on the 14th of January. The four day festivity- Bhogi Pongal, Thai Pongal, Maatu Pongal and Kaanum Pongal has been discussed in https://dosaikal.com/thai-pongal-the-harvest-festival.

This Year Pongal was a simple affair as usual, but just tried showcasing a few traditional things to my daughter.

Concentrated on a basic menu, not indulging into a feast meal (that tuesday being a working day for the father-daughter duo) with –


vaazhai ilai saappaadu – the banana leaf platter


sarkkarai pongal -sweet jaggery rice (dosaikal.thai-pongal-the-harvest-festival) – the special delicacy of the day
maangai sambaar – lentils and vegetables in tamarind, spice gravy (dosaikal.sambar)
avial – mixed vegetables in coconut, yoghurt curry (dosaikal.pongal-in-cambodia)
beans thuvaran – beans dry vegetable curry (dosaikal.beans-poriyal)
maangai pachadi (raw mango and jaggery chutney)
maangai thokku (grated raw mango pickle)
vadai (dehusked black gram fritters)
yoghurt to end the meal
mor milagai for the yoghurt rice (dosaikal.curd-rice-sun-dried-chillies)

and the Cambodian Brown Rice to go with the curries.



We had our meal on the banana leaf (dosaikal.thamizhar-virundhu-feast-of-the-tamils). The different dishes kept on the disposable leaf bowls are only for display. (Special Thanks to friend ‘R’ for letting us cut banana leaves from their trees.)
Dhonnai – disposable eco-friendly bowls

The leaf bowls are called ‘Dhonnai’ – a typical temple meal server. The prasadhams or the food provided to the worshippers in the temples are served in dhonnais – made of different kinds of leaves stitched to form cups (palm leaf, banana leaf, lotus leaf are a few leaves used to make dhonnais). I’d like to highlight here that these are eco-friendly, bio-degradable bowls.



Any festival comes with a package of preparatory processes. Those vary from family to family. A person not familiar with all, but a keen learner that I would like myself to be – I thought of doing some minimal preparations to showcase the festive spirit.

So now to those few things I could make my daughter know that excites us during festivals – in the preparation of the special day –
1. Maavilai Thoranam



Maa is the short form of maangai/mango and ilai means leaf.  Thoranam is a festoon which would be hanged at entrances of homes. During festivals, the thoranam/festoon made with mango leaves would adorn every house.  Any family occasion, thoranams are an important part of home decoration – to tell the clan, community and the village/town that there is an auspicious occasion at their home. Inauspicious occasions call for different thoranams, differently hanged.

I do not know when the earliest reference of thoranam is found in Tamil Literature. But,  ‘Naachiyaar Thirumozhi’ written by Andal, one of the Alvars (Vaishnavite Saints) of the Bhakti movement has these verses (dosaikal.com/maargazhi-maadhathil-ven-pongalven-pongal-in-the-month-of-maargazhi). Andal, the only female Alvar …in the 8th Century AD, mentions the Thoranams/festoons in her poetry!


vaaraNam aayiram suuzha valam seidhu
naaraNa nambi nadakinraan enredhir
pooraNa porkudam vaithu puramengum
thoraNam naatta kana kanden thozhi naan

Here, Andal talks about her dream of getting married to Lord Vishnu. She elaborates the festive occasion in her dream –

Her beloved Lord walks gloriously amidst thousands of elephants; For his majestic arrival,  golden pots (again a symbol of auspicious occasion) are arranged everywhere and the whole of Srivilliputhur – her town is completely decorated with thoranams/festoons.


Maavilai Thoranams are available in the market in Tamilnadu for Pongal celebrations. With numerous mango trees around, I got a few mango leaves from friend ‘P’ (with mangoes too). Made the thoranam with tooth pick and hanged it in the entrance.
2. Karumbu – Sugarcane

After a long search, we could get the whole sugarcane. Pongal would have been incomplete without the true bite of sugarcane.



3. Kolam – traditional drawings with rice flour.


A Kolam is a geometrical line drawing composed of curved loops, drawn around a grid pattern of dots. The patterns range between geometric and mathematical line drawings around a matrix of dots to free form art work and closed shapes.

Though not as flamboyant as its other Indian contemporary, Rangoli, which is extremely colourful, a South Indian Kolam is all about symmetry, precision, and complexity. Due to their complexity, trying to figure out how, exactly, these designs were drawn can be a challenge that some viewers find enjoyable. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kolam)


I am not a good artist – in terms of drawings or paintings. But watching amma and aachi draw kolams everyday in front of the house and special kolams in the poojai arai (worship room), my work was to do some kolams for Pongal and Deepavali. During Maargazhi Maadham, the month of Maargazhi (Dec-Jan), when the women display their drawing skills in front of their houses, mine would be a genuine attempt but not certainly one of the best or wouldn’t even be categorised ‘better’. Still the event wouldn’t stop.

Aachi (grandma) who would draw wonderful elephants and birds when we were small as she was a great artist. With such patience and dedication, her kolams were picture perfect  – no compromise. She had her ‘Kola nottu’ – the note for kolams (now with cousin ‘A’, who is again very good at it – so in right hands), with her precious kolams drawn to perfection.

This year, Kolam was there in my agenda of traditions during Pongal. So, I requested my friend ‘L’ in Chennai who was sending me pictures of her beautiful Kolams, to send me some simple ones with procedures too. With improved technology, the step by step procedure reached in seconds and we drew our own kolams with chalk. My little enthusiast colored them!


my version… great artists over there – forgive me please…



and the original by ‘L’



my pongal paanai – pongal pot


Here are a few beautiful kolams done for Maargazhi and Pongal by ‘L’ –



















Thanks ‘L’ for sharing these with me and letting me share with all!

One more important thing in Pongal is the turmeric plant tied to the pot in which Pongal would be cooked. Not available here. Hope to find it for my next Pongal.  There is a saying in Tamil – ‘Thai pirandhal vazhi pirakkum’ which means  – with the start of the new month of ‘Thai’ – mid January to mid February (after maargazhi), good things would fall in place.


Wish everyone a happy, healthy and success filled Year 2014!


Maargazhi Maadhathil Ven Pongal/Ven Pongal in the month of Maargazhi

 The Tamil Calender starts with Chithirai Maadham which starts from 14th of April. Chithirai is the name of the month and maadham means month. Chithirai, Vaikasi, Aani, Aadi, Aavani, Purattasi, Aippasi, Kaarthikai, Maargazhi, Thai, Maasi, and Panguni are the twelve tamil months. Among all the months, in hindu religious terms, Maargazhi maadham- (mid december to mid january) is considered auspicious – especially to the followers of Lord Vishnu. But mostly, irrespective of the sects, we can see most of the young girls singing Thiruppavai in temples.





Thiruppavai is a collection of thirty songs on Lord Vishnu, sung by Andal – one of the twelve Alvars of the Bhakthi Movement in Tamil Literature. Alvars were Vaishnavite Saints as Nayanmars were Saivaite Saints. The quote below gives a better view on Alvars and Bhakti Movement.


Andal is one of the most extraordinary personalities in religious history. She is known in her native tongue of Tamil as an Alvar, one who is “immersed” in the depths of enjoyment of God, the omnipresent mysterious One. Tradition reckons 12 Alvars, of which Andal is the only female. Between the fifth and ninth centuries, in the Tamil-speaking region of South India, these saints revitalized the Indian religious milieu, sparking a renewal of devotional worship throughout the subcontinent. Traveling from place to place, from temple to temple, from holy site to holy site, they composed exceedingly beautiful poetry to their Divine Beloved, Vishnu, as an expression of their love for Him. Anyone can see why their poetry was so attractive; at once both impassioned and philosophical, their words cut across all barriers of caste and class, attracting all to their faith. In doing so, they sculpted a new religious heritage of intensely emotional bhakti, or love of the Divine, whose impact is still felt today in the Indian religious life. Andal, whose life and poetry are celebrated every December-January, is the most visible contributor to this heritage. http://www.ramanuja.org/sv/alvars/andal/


Andal observed Paavai Nonbu – the simple norms of which are explained in Thiruppavai, to attain Lord Vishnu as her husband. Andal imagines herself as a cowgirl, wakes up all the girls in Aayarpadi/hamlet of cowherds,  early in the morning, to proceed towards the river bed for the early morning rituals of bathing the Lord and worshipping the Lord in tamil hymns. It used to be believed that if young girls observed Paavai Nonbu and sang Thiruppavai – the sacred hymns of Andal, they would get good husbands. Andal has also written Naachiyar Thirumozhi.

Beyond the marriage connection, I think singing Thiruppavai in temples has become more of  religious inclination and healthy spiritual introduction for the young in the later generations. The concept of waking up early in the morning, having a fresh shower, collecting all our friends and proceeding towards the nearby temple to sing Thiruppavai still remains fresh in my mind and heart.

The thought of Maargazhi Maadham brings in wonderful memories of mist filled early mornings, the cold shower, ringing the bells of neighbourhood girls, then walking together to the temple and singing Thiruppavai… not to forget the big colourful kolams/traditional rangolis of south india,  in front of every house.

So, the day would start at the temple at five in the morning. We would wake up at four o’clock, have a shower and thanks to a lenient amma, have a glass of hot milk and would run to call our friends. This feels so tiring today! But it used to be really interesting those days.  Every morning all the thirty stanzas are sung in a group and at the end, stanza of the day is sung.

After some food for thought, there is always food for the starving tummy! As we finish singing, we collect your Prasadham – generally piping hot Ven Pongal in Dhonnai. Dhonnai is the ever special disposable cup made of palm leaves. Ven pongal is the mildly pepper spiced rice and lentil dish for those young ones who have been starving nearly for two hours singing thiruppavai.

Ven Pongal has never been so tasty… may be the spiritual and literary singing made it a well earned treat! The dhonnais are so easy to dispose and give an authentic flavour to the ven pongal. The time is nearly half past six. The morning wouldn’t be over with this. After Vishnu Temple, then is the turn of Shiva temple. We move on to the nearby shiva temple – for me it used to be the Rathnagireeswarar temple in chennai. It is the time to wake up Lord Shiva with Thiruppalli Ezhuchi and also sing Thiruvembaavai. Thiruppalli Ezhuchi and Thiruvembaavai are written by Manickavaasagar – one of the sixty three saiva nayanmars or saints and one of the four main saints of Saivism.


‘Few of the world’s biographies are more interesting than that of this man of rare genius.’ says G.U. Pope, of Manicka-vachagar, (660 – 692 C.E.) the fourth of the four grandmasters. http://www.krishnamurthys.com/profvk/WOVpage11.html


We have some more prasadham in the Shiva temple- generally puliyodharai/tamarind rice in the disposable dhonnais and walk back home to get ready to go to school. From where did the energy come to wake up early as four and come back nearly at eight, after four hours of spiritual practice in a very playful and interesting way – then proceed towards school for a whole seven hours of education…. I suppose the month of maargazhi is magical! Truly the tamil saints have made literature and religion a part of a healthy life style for generations now.

It is kind of living in the present with the essence of the rich literary past. Today, priorities have changed and the world is slipping into a different culture. This new culture is to hang on to the well spread branches, than clinging on to the roots. This concept of glorifiying the mesmerising past would be minimalised to nothing, if not for those who still believe in the strong roots.

But, beyond the roots and branches, Venpongal (spiced lentil rice), Sarkkarai Pongal (jaggery rice) or puliyodharai (tamarind rice) is still the most sort after things in any temple, next to the deity (or sometimes more than the deity).


So now it is ven pongal time!

The word Pongal as a verb means to boil or sometimes to cook in tamil. The spilling over of boiled milk is always referred to the verb pongal. As a noun, it is Pongal – the festival and Pongal – the food. The festival PONGAL  – the harvest festival of the tamils falls in mid january when the new tamil month Thai starts. We shall talk about it in the forth coming posts.

Now, to Ven Pongal – the rice and lentil meal! Venmai – the word from which ven pongal comes means white. The sweet pongal or sarkkarai pongal is dark brown in colour due to the jaggery in it. Ven Pongal, the salted, spiced meal is not exactly white but a little lentillish in colour. This is a wonderful breakfast food – especially on cold or rainy days – spiced with black pepper, ginger and cumin seeds, it works as a cold/cough reliever. All these and the added cashewnuts in ghee makes ven pongal the most favourite breakfast dish after idli or dosai in tamilnadu.


the spices



Ven Pongal

Ingredients (serves 3)

  • paccharisi/south indian raw rice – 1 cup
  • paasi paruppu/split greengram-yellow lentil/moong dhal – 1/2 cup
  • water – nearly 6 cups (to slightly overcook rice and lentil together)
  • salt – as needed
  • whole black pepper – 2 tsp
  • grated ginger – 1 tsp
  • cumin seeds – 2 tsp 
  • nei/ghee/clarified butter – 2 tbsp
  • cashew nuts – 2 tsp


rice and lentil cooked in pressure cooker with cumin seeds and whole black peppers


Method of Preparation 

  1. Wash rice and lentil together
  2. Add water, black pepper, cumin seeds and salt and cook till very soft
  3. For seasoning, heat ghee in a kadai – add cashew nuts and fry till golden brown
  4. Mix into the rice and lentil preparation
  5. Serve hot with coconut chutney (https://dosaikal.com/2011/09/20/thengai-chutney-coconut-chutney/), sambar or kathirikkai gothsu/eggplant gothsu.


ven pongal with thengai chutney



Ven pongal is always cooked with whole black pepper. Most of the kids and some elders would keep the whole black pepper aside due to the spice aspect of it. Dry grinding the spices and blending it well in the rice avoids wastage of spices and helps in better utilisation of the goodness of the spices. This way, pongal is more spicy and a very good home remedy for cold and cough. This also gives the taste of  ‘kovil ven pongal’ or the ven pongal served in temples. While making in this method, black pepper can be reduced to 1 tsp.

  1. Cook rice and lentil in salt and water with 1 tsp cumin seeds and 1 tsp whole black pepper
  2. Coarsely dry grind 1 tsp cumin seeds, 1 tsp black pepper and grated ginger and fry in gingelly oil/ghee
  3. Fry cashew nuts separately in ghee
  4. Mix spices and nuts together into rice and lentil and serve hot.


ven pongal with murungaikkai sambar/drumstick sambar 



  1. Cook rice and lentil in more than normal water as it would turn very hard in very less time
  2. Ven Pongal is always served hot and the glow of ghee is a compulsory requisite while serving for better taste
  3. If Pongal has turned out little thick/hard, hot water with little salt can be added and brought to right consistency while serving
  4. South Indian Pachirisi or raw rice is preferred as other starchy rice varieties would make ven pongal sticky.