Manoharam is a traditional Tirunelveli sweet. The gram flour fritters soaked in gorgoeus golden-caramelly cane/palm jaggery syrup is a delight in every crispy bite. With healthy Bengal gram flour and no white flour as the base and Unrefined Jaggery and no white sugar caramel for the coating, this is a no nonsense fritter as well as a childhood comfort snack.
When asked about the recipe, Amma fondly remembered both me and my little brother, having plates filled with these crispy fritters as an after school snack, giving more emphasis to the filled plates. Those were the days of no botheration of putting on weight, leave alone childhood obesity. We could burn the nutritious extra calories earned from healthy millet flours and cane and palm sugars, with the crazy amounts of time we spent playing in the streets. No store bought chips or cakes, buns or pastries loaded with white flour, white sugar and salt.
Manoharam and Spanish Churros – great observation by my Little Chef
Since I didn’t have the thenkuzhal/plain murukku – fritter disc, I used the magizhampoo disc – which is a sharp edged or star shaped fritter disc. Once the fritters were done, the little chef at home exclaimed that they resembled Spanish Churros, thanks to so many cookery shows in countless channels. That observation was quite a surprise to me indeed. When I put my eyes through her thought, the traditional Manoharam did look like Churros. While Churros are made with all purpose flour and coated with cinnamon sugar, Manoharam is made with gram flour, rice flour and a pinch of salt. And instead of the chocolate sauce to dip, we coat them in jaggery syrup. Both the tastes are completely different, created with local ingredients available – yet, there seems to be a slight similarity in the concept of making and looks.
If you don’t feel so, that’s ok.. let’s move on to recipe.
For a detail look at churros, I referred http://www.justataste.com/easy-homemade-churros-chocolate-sauce-recipe/
- kadalai maavu/bengal gram flour/besan – 1 cup
- arisi maavu/rice flour – 1/2 cup
- ulundha maavu/dehusked black gram flour/urad – 2 tsp
- nei/clarified butter – 1 tbsp
- uppu/salt – a pinch
- thanneer/water – as needed
- vellam/cane jaggery – 1 cup
- thanneer/water = 1/2 cup
- yelakkai podi/cardamom powder – 1/2 tsp
- chukku podi/dry ginger powder – 1/2 tsp
Method of Preparation
Bengal gram flour and rice flour may be easily available in stores. Black gram flour should be made at home.
I. Making Black gram/Urad flour
- Heat a hard bottomed vessel or kadai
- Dry roast ulundham paruppu/urad dal – dehusked black gram till golden brown
- Grind to a fine powder in a blender
- Sieve it and keep aside
- Cool and Store in air tight container, and use when needed.
II. Making Fritters
- Sieve all three flours without lumps
2. Add salt (just a pinch), clarified butter and just enough water to make a stiff dough
3. Heat oil in a pan for deep frying
4. Use any single holed disc of a Murukku Maker to make the fritter (for details of murukku maker and single holed disc, refer – https://dosaikal.com/the-all-time-favourite-murukku/
5. Take a portion of the dough and place inside the cylindrical container of the murukku maker and press into big circles, directly inside hot oil
6. Fry both sides till golden brown
7. Remove in kitchen tissue to absorb excess oil
8. Break them into finger sized pieces
9. Keep them aside till we make the jaggery coating.
III. Making Jaggery Syrup and Coating the Fritters
- Let jaggery dissolve in water
- Filter the liquid to remove impurities
- Take a pan and pour the jaggery water
- Add cardamom powder and dry ginger powder
- Let the liquid come to a single string consistency or thick enough to roll the fritters through
- Keep the stove in sim position to judge the right syrup consistency
7. Once the liquid has become a syrup, drop all the fritters and gently mix well in the syrup
8. Let the stove be on and the thick hot syrup would coat the fritters well and reach the required crisp texture
9. When the syrup is thick and coated completely in the fritters, switch off stove
10. Jaggery coated glowing Manoharam is ready.