Category Archives: Starters and Snacks

Navaratri and the Sundal Connection (Kadalai Paruppu Sundal/Channa Dal Sundal/Bengal Gram Salad)

Navaratri is a Hindu festival of worship of Shakti or Parvathi or Durga. These are nine nights of festivities. The word Navaratri means nine nights in Sanskrit, nava meaning nine and ratri meaning night. During these nine nights, Goddess Parvathi is worshipped in nine forms. The tenth day is celebrated as Vijayadhasami.

If it is Shivaratri for her husband Shiva, Navaratri is exclusively for Shakti. The difference is that, Mahashivaratri is celebrated on one particular night in the month of march, but navaratri for shakti is celebrated for nine days. Ofcourse, there are the monthly sivaratris. In most states of India, Durga Puja is celebrated in different names.

Navaratri is also celebrated four times a year in some parts of the country. In Tamilnadu, as far as I know, the most popular celebration of navaratri is in the month of Purattasi (September-October). One can find more details on navaratri on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Navratri.

The first three days are devoted to Parvathi as she is popularly known in Tamilnadu – goddess of power, the next three days are devoted to Lakshmi – goddess of wealth, and the last three days are devoted to Saraswathi – goddess of wisdom. The tenth day is celebrated as Vijayadasami – the day goddess durga defeated the demon mahishasur and she is worshipped as Mahishasuramardhini.

Beyond these religious aspects, worship techniques or maintenance of rituals and customs, which might differ with every household, I have always been more concerned and attracted to the cultural and traditional aspects of any festival.

In Tamilnadu, the ninth day is celebrated as Saraswati Poojai and Ayudha Poojai and tenth day as Vijayadasami.

For Saraswathi Poojai, all our books would go to the Poojai Arai or Puja Room and appa would make a beautiful seating arrangement covering all the books with special new silk dhoti, on top of which the usual framed photo of goddess saraswathi with the veena on her hands would graciously sit. Sometimes we would give our gold chains to adorn saraswathi.

That day, used to be the happiest.. More because we would be instructed not to study or even read any book. Suddenly by noon, I would feel so bad not studying or reading my favourite magazines! I wouldn’t have missed my books so badly any other day!!

Ayudha Poojai would be marked by cleaning all instruments, equipments, metallic substances of day-to-day use – cycles, bikes, cars, all musical instruments at home.  Everything associated with the household or work places would be cleaned, decorated and worshipped. Agricultural equipments for a farmer, type writer in a typing class, sewing machines, an aruval (sharp big knife specially for coconuts) for a coconut vender and so on..

All new ventures would begin from Vijayadasami. Even today, some schools take in children for kindergarten sessions starting from vijayadasami day. It is believed anything started on this particular day would be successful. All forms of art classes are started from vijayadasami. Every year, on that day, we show our special gratitude to our art teachers – whom we regard as goddess saraswathi herself.

When I was very young, navaratri meant sundal everyday (can I call it cooked lentil salad?), a different one every day.. After a few years, it used to be wearing the best of pattu pavadai (traditional long skirt and top in silk) and go to other houses in the neighbourhood, sing Carnatic music in front of goddesses and not to forget – collect the day’s sundal from their house. After a while, it was more of performing at home and neighbourhood (irrespective of what the neighbours or relatives feel – we are singing for the goddesses!).

But still, more memories are stuck with the different kinds of sundals prepared and the golu decorations in some households. Navaratri in tamilnadu is very much marked with golu or kolu. Apart from the traditional kolams or colored rangolis, golu is a kind of a decoration of dolls and other beautiful innovative things. Some arrangements might have five steps, seven steps or nine steps generally or always in odd numbers. Golu would be arranged with traditional dolls collected for generations, some of the gods and goddesses, some depicting epic scenes, also some new dolls – all displayed with a sense of ethnicity and beauty. It can be called a household exhibition of innovative artistic skills.

For more details on golu, I found this website with a native touch – http://cvrajan.hubpages.com/hub/Navratri-Golu-The-Hindu-festival-of-dolls

I find this golu decoration similar to the Durga Puja Pandals in West Bengal. If those pandals are a community event and done on a large-scale through committees or organisations, the one in Tamilnadu is a household affair – innovative, ethnic, traditional and religious involvement and excitement intact.

Now, to Sundals or lentil salads!

Sundals can be associated with mainly two things – one navaratri and the other – Beach! The beaches in Chennai and other places in Tamilnadu are always remembered with the sale of different kinds of spicy, tangy sundals. On beach sundal we shall talk in another post.. Now on navaratri sundal.

There used to be no golu decoration in our house. But worship of goddesses on all days with different sundals and distribution in the neighborhood was always there. In this session, let me share making a few varieties of sundal.

Kadalai Paruppu Sundal/ Channa Dal Sundal/ Bengal Gram Salad

 

Ingredients (serves 2)

  • kadalai Paruppu/channa dal – 1 cup
  • onions (optional) – 1 medium
  • green chillies/red chillies or both – 2 nos
  • salt – as needed
  • oil to temper – 2 tsp
  • mustard seeds – 1 tsp
  • urad dal – 1 tsp
  • curry leaves – a few
  • asafoetida – ½ spoon
  • grated coconut – 1/2 cup

Method of Preparation

  1. Soak kadalai paruppu for ½ an hour
  2. Pressure cook till just done – careful it shouldn’t be over cooked
  3. Strain the water and keep the dal separately
  4. Chop the onions fine (onions are optional – some wouldn’t prefer onions when prepared for puja)
  5. Chop green chillies or slit into two halves
  6. Heat oil in a kadai, let mustard seeds splutter
  7. Add urad dal, when it turns golden brown add curry leaves, onions and green chillies
  8. Red chillies can also be added if preferred
  9. Add the cooked kadalai paruppu and sprinkle salt
  10. Mix well and let it cook for approximately 5 minutes
  11. Be careful not to stir too much or else the dal might get mashed
  12. Sprinkle asafoetida
  13. When done sprinkle grated coconut and serve hot
  14. This can also be served as a healthy starter for dinners.

Spongy Kuzhi Paniyarams

Now, what else can be made with the wonder batter called ‘idli/dosa batter’? Idli on the first day, dosa when it becomes more sour, uthappam of different varieties (recipes shortly) and this time it is Kuzhi Paniyaram.

Although there is a separate combination and ratio for exclusive kuzhi paniyaram.. kuzhi paniyaram can be made from the same idli batter. This works out to be an excellent starter with very little oil if made from non-stick paniyaram mould. They can also be a breakfast snack or a light dinner snack. These are no-risk options during travel – would remain soft and don’t need refrigeration to keep them fresh.

Kuzhi Paniyaram belongs to Chettinad cuisine – a very popular cuisine belonging to the chettinad area of tamilnadu and hugely popular around the world for its spicy, aromatic flavour . The traditional kuzhi paniyara chatti or kuzhi paniyarakkal or the kuzhi paniyaram mould is made of cast iron and gives the exotic taste of grandma’s kitchen.. but with more concern on oil intake, the non-stick ones are a better option.

Paniyaram means a snack and kuzhi means hole or pit. The snack is made from a mould with holes and the final product is in the shape of a soft small ball – depending upon the depth of the kuzhi. The common kuzhi paniyaram mould has seven holes.

Kuzhi Paniyaram is popular in all the southern states of india in various names. In the Netherlands, the Poffertjes resemble kuzhi paniyarams. Poffertjes are soft, fluffy pancakes made of buck wheat flour and yeast. They are served with powdered sugar and butter. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poffertjes). I tried the sweet version of south indian kuzhi paniyaram in the dutch poffertjes mould and found the difference is only in the depth of the mould.

There can be sweet or salted spicy paniyarams. Now we make spiced kuzhi paniyaram or the kara paniyaram.

dutch poffertjes mould and kuzhi paniyara chatti

 

Kuzhi Paniyaram

Ingredients

paniyaram batter

 

Method of Preparation

  1. Take the required quantity of idli batter in a vessel
  2. Heat 2 tsp oil in a pan
  3. Add mustard seeds and when it splutters add urad dal
  4. When urad dal is golden brown, add finely chopped onions and green chillies
  5. Fry for a while and add curry leaves
  6. Add this tempering to the idli batter
  7. Chopped coriander leaves can also be added
  8. Kuzhi Paniyaram batter is ready

pour batter in oiled mould

 

turn it with the sharp tip wooden ladle

 

done on the other side too

 

Making Paniyaram

  1. Heat the paniyara chatti/kal with little oil in each mould
  2. When the oil is medium hot, pour the batter till 3/4th level of the mould
  3. When it is cooked on one side, turn it to cook on the other side
  4. When done take it out
  5. Paniyaram is ready and serve it with choice of chutney
  6. This goes well with coconut chutney or coriander chutney.

the delicious duo!