Monthly Archives: August 2013

Bangkok – An Architectural Splendour!

 

IMG_2545

 

Our next place of visit was Wat Arun – The Temple of Dawn. This temple is named after Aruna – the Sun God or the God of Dawn. It stands magnificient on the banks of the Chao Phraya River. The first day evening when we went to the temple, we took the ferry – ferries run straight across the river to reach the other side in about 5 minutes duration to reach the temple side. Wat Arun can be reached by road too. The next day when we went during the day, we took a taxi.

 

IMG_2286

The stunning view of the Temple of Dawn at dusk, is what makes it different. The image of the stunning Wat that falls on the river waters is truly captivating. As the sun gets ready to take some rest, we see people thronging the restaurants and filling up empty spaces wherever possible, on the other side of the river, to make the best use of their best of Cameras. Such is the view of WAT ARUN in lights with its image on water!

IMG_2329

It is said that the royal fleet of King Taksin, the founder of the former capital of Thonburi, arrived at Wat Makok Nok precisely at dawn. He stopped his vessel and disembarked to pay homage to the Holy Relic inside the pagoda, and the temple was subsequently referred to as Wat Chaeng – the Temple of Dawn. When King Taksin crowned himself the monarch, the temple was designated a royal temple within the grand palace, as it was the first place in Thonburi to catch the morning light. http://www.watarun.net/the_origin.html

 

The tall tower of the temple is called ‘Prang’. It is a Khmer style tower ( style belonging to neighboring Cambodia).  King Rama III raised the Prang and it remains the highest tower in Thailand even today.

 

IMG_2580

Wat Arun temple had been founded in the early 17th century, some believe it to be earlier than that but most of the features present today were built by King Rama II and King Rama III through the 19th century. http://www.bestofthailand.org/thailandtourismguide/2012/09/wat-pho-temple-wat-arun-temple-other-bangkok-temples.html

This Wat or Buddhist temple is an architectural representation of Mount Meru, the center of the world in Buddhist cosmology. In the mythology of Tibetan Buddhism, Mount Meru is a place that simultaneously represents the center of the universe and the single-pointedness of mind sought by adepts. http://www.watarun.net/index.html

 

On the second terrace,  the Hindu god Indra called Erawan, in Thai, is seated on his three headed elephant. There are four such statues.

IMG_2295

The multiple layers of the towers are supported by Devas –

IMG_2554

and Asuras –

IMG_2565

The temple towers and the different layers are decorated with colourful porcelein plates (seen in above picture). These are said to be porcelein, which the Chinese ships used as ballasts and discarded on arrival at the port of Bangkok.

There is a huge Buddha statue with two statues of Brahma – the four headed Hindu God of Creation.

IMG_2570

Lord Brahma-

IMG_2574

Wat Arun was truly an architectural splendour – but we had more to experience – at the Royal Palace which is very close to Wat Arun and Wat Pho.

On the way to the Royal Palace, a very bright and sunny day that was – couldn’t resist the coconut icecream, served in a different way altogether!

Coconut Ice Cream –

step one- scrap out a few layers of coconut from the already scrapped out, ready to be served coconut shell

IMG_2585

 

step two – place 3 scoops of vanilla ice-cream or coconut ice-cream

IMG_2588

step three – sprinkle some peanuts on top, which is optional

IMG_2589

step four – choose your syrup  chocolate or strawberry (I chose chocolate syrup)

IMG_2590

step five – exquisite stuff ready!

IMG_2594

After a cool-cool treat, we crossed the busy road and walked inside the Royal Palace. So, meet you next at the Royal Palace!

The Charming Capital of Thailand!

 

Stunning view  At night – Wat Arun – Temple of Dawn, Bangkok

IMG_2307

 

When two months of holidays were almost going to be over, a sudden plan of visiting Malaysia and Singapore came up. As soon as we returned from KL and Singapore, there rose an oppurtunity for a quick visit to Bangkok!

The beauty, culture and spirit of South East Asia  – each country different and unique by its own, yet similar! Culture, Religion, Behaviour, Lifestyle, Traditions – beyond the marked differences there is still a thin line indicating the centuries of give and take.

While KL and Singapore experiences would follow later, the beauty of Bangkok that lies very fresh in my mind makes me write about it first. So, the very recent ones first.

Bangkok seemed to be a mixture of traditional and modern things in the same shell. I think this fusion is something that makes Bangkok the most visited place in the world.

 

Bangkok, Thailand will be the number one destination for tourists in 2013, according to MasterCard’s new Global Destination Cities Index.

It beat out major destinations like London, Paris, New York, and Dubai with an anticipated 15.98 million international arrivals in 2013. http://www.businessinsider.com/most-popular-tourist-destinations-2013

 

For the religious and heritage lovers – huge Buddhist temples; for the fashion and shopping lovers – the small, medium to big malls; for the cullinary lovers – street food, food courts in malls, restaurants offering different cuisines of the world to chose from and speciality THAI restaurants for those with heavier pockets; for relaxing the global community – the innumerable massage centres to classy Spas; for true tourists who believe in nights by the water – river cruises and dinner cruises, Bangkok has so much to offer!

Leaving aside the traffic jams and busy roads, the Metropolitan Rapid Transit or MRT is a very comfortable transport system, called the Underground Train. It is called the BTS or sky train.

Under the Metro Rail System, the Airport Rail Link is a very comfortable service which is available from the Airport itself. This is a great boon for tourists, for the first timers not knowing the routes and the used passengers alike.

Of our favourite topic Food – as mentioned earlier, the food courts in malls offer food at very reasonable rates. A platter which is a whole filling meal, with the spicy taste of Thai Cuisine – which has the touch of Chinese and Indian cuisines.  Forget about the very popular Thai Red and Green Curries, there is an entire variety like –

 

Brown Rice, Crispy Fried Mushroom and Spicy Vegetable Curry

IMG_2265

 

Yellow Rice, Chicken in Spicy Curry (served without the curry for my daughter) and a clear soup

IMG_2269

 

I had this dessert in mind – and I wanted to taste it after seeing it as one of the best foods to be tasted in Thailand – It is called Khao Neeo Mamuang in Thai language or the Mango Sticky Rice. It is cooked rice sweetened with a sauce of coconut milk, sugar and salt; served with sliced mango  and garnished with the coconut milk sweet sauce and roasted sesame seeds! We got it served cold. This is certainly a refreshing dessert – that gives a soothening effect to the tummy after all those spicy Thai Curries!

 

IMG_2276

 

and the beautifully presented Coconut Icecream! There can be many versions to this- different in the way is served.  Ice Cream made with Coconut milk is scooped in coconut shells with scrapped tender coconut pieces. One of the versions –

IMG_2311

 

Another version – served at street corners comes in the next post!

Now, let’s talk about the enchanting places we visited!

The first day, we planned to see Wat Pho and Wat Arun. The word Wat in general denotes a place of worship, here denoting Monastery Temples.

 

In everyday language in Thailand, a wat is any place of worship except a mosque (Thai สุเหร่า – su-rao; or มัสยิด – Thai rendering of masjid; a mosque may also be described as โบสถ์ของอิสลาม – bot khong Is-a-lam). Thus wat cheen is a Chinese temple (either Buddhist or Taoist), wat khaek is a Hindu temple, and wat kris or wat krit or wat farang is a Christian church, though Thai โบสถ์ (โบด bot) may be used descriptively as with mosque. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wat

 

Wat Pho – The Temple of Reclining Buddha

IMG_2258

Wat Pho is the oldest and largest temple in Bangkok.  The first temple was built in the 16th Century and consecutive renevations and additions have been done by successive kings.

Inside the temple complex lieds the biggest Buddha in reclining position in Thailand. This statue is 46 metres long, with the dimensions at the face of 15 metres high and at each foot of 3 metres high and 5 metres long.

IMG_2246

The soles of the statue’s feet are inlaid with mother-of-pearl showing the 108 auspicious signs of the Buddha. This is the largest and most beautiful piece of fine arts of the Buddha image in a reclining position found in Thailand.

The mother of pearl inlay at the feet of the image is of Thai-Chinese style, as indicated by 108 auspicious signs portraying natural scenes of both Indian and Chinese influences. http://www.watpho.com/en/data/buddha.php

 

IMG_2249

Inside Wat Pho runs the Thai Traditional Medical School where Courses on traditional Thai Massage are conducted.

 

Being the base of Thai Medicine, Wat Po Thai Traditional Medical and Massage School was opened in 1955 inside Wat Po. It is the first Thai Medical School under the approval of Thai Ministry of Education. http://www.watpomassage.com/2009/index.php?page=about&lang=en&title=About Us

 

The second important building inside the temple is the Phra Uposatha – the Main Chapel where monastic rituals are performed.

 

Lord Buddha in a posture of concentration

IMG_2281

 

For Buddhists, the main chapel is the heart of the monastery, as without a main chapel, it would be a monk center and not a monastery. http://www.watpho.com/en/data/phrauposatha.php

 

A tour inside the temple complex lets one admire the numerous Buddha statues bright.

IMG_2274

The galleries extending between the four chapels feature no less than 394 gilded  Buddha images, many of which display Ayuthaya or Sukhothai features. The remains  of Rama I are interred in the base of the presiding Buddha image in the bòht. http://www.lonelyplanet.com/thailand/bangkok/sights/buddhist-temple/wat-pho

 

In the West Vihara there is an image of “ Pang Nak Prok ”, the Buddha under the Naga’s hood.

IMG_2292

One of the most interesting features of the temple is the stone and rock statues.  These Chinese statues stand as guards inside the corridors of Wat Pho. Very interesting to note the facial features and the amazingly well sculpted emotions on the faces. These statues arrived into Thailand from the ships which brought in goods from China. These were used as Ballasts to provide stability to the vessels during sea voyage.

Thailand, with its fertile valleys, was a main producer of rice and other crops in the 19th century, which it exported to China as well as other countries. The ships on the way home, used these Chinese figures as ballast, but these statues became very popular in their own right and were eventually imported for their intrinsic merit also. http://www.photodharma.net/Thailand/Wat-Pho-Buildings/Wat-Pho-Buildings.htm

 

IMG_2232

 

IMG_2233

 

and …

IMG_2280

 

Bangkok has so much to offer, historical and modern… the old ones captivating the hearts and minds with their skillful architecture and beautiful techniques employed centuries ago. Shall continue with more!